A Glimpse of Sewing Machines History
Sewing machines were initially manufactured for garment factory production lines that allow clothing to become uniformly mass-produced. The first functioning sewing machine in 1830 for use in garment factory was invented by French tailor named Barthelemy Thimonnier.
One thread and a hooked needle for a chain stitch were used in this original machine. He was nearly killed by an angry mob of French tailors who were afraid his machines would leave them unemployed and his factory was burnt down. Walter Hunt shared the same fears, and abandoned the work to patent his own version of a straight-seam sewing machine a few years later in America. As industrial sewing machines created multiple job opportunities worldwide, the fears were unfounded.
With each workstation completing one part of the overall job, modern garment factories incorporate the same mass production techniques as other industries. Generally, industrial sewing machines are designed to perform one specific sewing function such as embroidery. To complete clothing items in a production line, machines with different functions are operated. Until 1889, marketing to individuals didn’t begin, which allow women to have the means to create clothing for their family without the labor-intensive hand stitching. Tasks from sewing straight or zigzag stitches and the creation of buttonholes, and stitching buttons on to the piece of clothing make the domestic sewing machine used in the home is manufactured.
Just like their domestic counterparts for the home, industrial sewing machines were created to simplify and speed up the otherwise labor-intensive hand stitching. In order to do many tasks from sewing straight or zigzag stitches and the creation of buttonholes, also stitching buttons on to the piece of clothing, the domestic sewing machine is manufactured. The settings in industrial use were adapted by domestic sewing machines so it allows clothing to become uniformly mass-produced. Generally, industrial sewing machines are designed to do a specific sewing function as in embroidery or applying buttonholes. Industrial sewing machines with very basic features as well as higher-end computer operated models are manufactured by companies from all over the world.
To complete clothing items in a production line, a variety of machines with different functions are operated. A Bag Closer sewing machine which is used for sewing a single thread chain-stitch, a high-speed plain sewer is used for stitching seems and double needle machines are used for adding top stitching details to items like jeans are a few examples.
For quilting and sewing coats, walking foot machines are invaluable as it keeps the fabric moving along without bunching and making for a smoother and faster production. Overlock serger sewing machines create the whipped V stitch along the edge of a seam of T-shirts and other stretchable fabrics. They are also available in smaller versions for the home.